About five hundred years ago, when the Europeans began exploring the Americas, (or as they were called at that time - the New World), they found the indigenous people smoking tobacco leaves in their ceramic and stone pipes.When these early adventurers returned to Europe, they took both tobacco and the smoking instruments to show their fellow countrymen.There is three main categories that the artifacts fall under; pottery, bones and stone artifacts. An archeologist then uses artifacts that have been found to make a reconstruction the way people lived during that time period.Archaeologists use two types of dating, relative and absolute.These, no doubt served as a model for later pipe development. (see Walker, TD pipes, Bulletin of Archaeological Society of Virginia, Vol. By 1558 tobacco smoking had been introduced to Europe. Those inventive people decided they could make smoking devices for their personal use, which they did, and later made more to send back to the New World for trade and to sell. There is much unknown information about just when and where the first clay smoking pipes were molded in Europe and in America.In 1573, William Harrison wrote about molded pipes in his book GREAT ENGLISH CHRONOLOGIE.
Some are plain, while others have decorations that help in determining age or possible manufacturer.Excavation is the process of finding sites that may contain artifacts. There are many steps and procedures that have to be followed in order to excavate a sight professionally.Once an artifact is found it has to be identified, labeled, and cataloged.Different forms of absolute dating are radiocarbon and potassium argon dating.Examples of relative dating are Dendrochronology and palynology.